At Franklin D. Azar & Associates, whistleblower protection is a priority. Frank Azar and the firms whistleblower protection attorneys focus on qui tam, bribery, political and corporate corruption.
Political corruption definitions can differ from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. For example, some political fund-raising techniques are legally sanctioned in some cities/states, while not allowed in others.
Political corruption is generally identified when a government official abuses their authority for their own private gain. A good example is police brutality or forced submission of political opponents. Although this may seem like political corruption, such conduct is not motivated by direct private gain. These examples fall outside the scope of political corruption.
Examples of other misconduct that would be considered political corruption include: extortion; nepotism; embezzlement; bribery; cronyism; graft, and patronage. In all of these examples, private gain is the motivation and would qualify as political corruption.
Corruption is not limited to the public sector. Corporate corruption is the abuse of private position or authority for undue gain. Known variously as “private corruption” or “business corruption,” corporate corruption falls under misconduct and abuses by private commercial concerns. Economic enrichment is the common motivator underlying all corporate corruption.
In terms of qui tam jurisprudence, such acts may occur directly or indirectly. An example of “direct” corporate corruption would be submitting falsified documents to Medicaid for reimbursement of services or procedures that were never rendered or performed.
An example of “indirect” corporate corruption is the failure to follow legally-mandated safety devices or product packaging.